Vitamins affect the skin. Healthy skin requires a variety of vitamins to keep it resilient; specifically, vitamins A, Vitamin B3, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E. Lack of vitamins can lead to dull lifeless skin. A guide to aid you through the sometimes daunting maze of vitamin-enriched products, while making sure your skin get its recommended daily allowance of beauty.
Vitamin A (Vitamin A derivatives, Retinol palmitate, retinoids)
Synthetic vitamin A-like compounds called retinoids. Natural compounds can be used e.g. those found in Carotene. Retinol palmitate (Vitamin A derivatives) is absorbed by the skin. It is used in skin care products for dry, aging, lifeless skin, also in the treatment of acne. Vitamin A increases blood flow, stimulates the skin and protects against sunburn. Vitamin A is also used in anti-wrinkle creams as it is supposed to heal damaged connective-tissue, which helps to smooth the appearance of wrinkles and scarring.
Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide)
Vitamin B3 or niacinamide is an effective skin lightening compound that works by inhibiting melanosome transfer from melanocytes to keratinocytes. Vitamin B3 is anti-inflammatory, useful for treating acne, improves appearance of aged, hyperpigmented and photodamaged skin. It has anti-wrinkle properties and reduces fine lines.
Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid)
Vitamin C has antioxidant properties and owing to this fact, they help a great deal in preventing any sort of skin damage. Vitamin C can protect the skin from UV damage caused by prolonged sun exposure by reducing the amount of free radical formation. However, while it can help safeguard against skin damage and reduce discoloration, it should be used in conjunction with, not in place of, a good sunscreen. In addition, Vitamin C is its ability to enhance the synthesis of collagen and helps “rejuvenate” the skin and make it appear younger.
Vitamin D (D-Panthenol)
Vitamin D is formed in the body in part by interaction with sunlight. It is considered to be an antioxidant and anticarcinogen, and may play a role in skin pigmentation. Since it can be absorbed by the skin, applying this vitamin topically can have an effect on skin’s health. Vitamin D can be used in skin and hair care products in doses of 3-6% of the 75% solution D-Panthenol.
Vitamin E (alpha tocopherol)
Vitamin E has antioxidant properties and can help prevent free radical damage by the sun and other environmental agents, there is the possibility that vitamin E may be effective in preventing skin damage. Vitamin-E is commonly used in lotions and creams for its moisturizing ability. Though some of the “miraculous” healing claims of Vitamin-E supporters have been exaggerated over the years, it is still widely recognized for its proven ability to help retain moisture in the skin, repairs dry, rough skin.