What Is Body Butter?

Body butter is a skin care product that is meant to moisturize the skin, especially for dry skin type. You will find body butters to be most popular during the winter months when cold dry air is most harsh to your skin. Body butter is heavier than creams and lotions, as it has less water in it. Due to the fact that it is made from nutrient-rich ingredients, body butter is used to hydrate and protect the skin. Most body butters use a seed or nut oil as their base ingredient to produce the most hydrating formula possible.

Usually, body butter is made with a seed or nut oil as the main ingredient. The oil is extracted from the chosen nut or seed and then mixed with other essential oils and ingredients to create the body butter. There are many different kinds of body butter available in the market today, with many of them being touted as organic.

There are many different benefits to using body butter, when compared to creams and lotions. Natural body butter is made using only natural ingredients, which are better for your skin and your body in general. It contains a higher level of emollients, which are absorbed into the skin and keep it moisturized. Body butter forms a protective layer over the skin, helping reduce the effects of the sun and hot and cold air. Great body butter will not only hydrate your skin, but will also protect it from the drying effects of the winter air. Many find that their skin is much softer and less prone to cracking or becoming inflamed when they use body butter. While some body butters contain additives and preservatives, the best of them are made from all natural ingredients. One ingredient to be especially wary of is paraben, which has been connected to certain types of cancer. Just take a moment to look at the ingredient list of any potential cream and make sure that it is all natural and you will be safe.

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How to Choose Face Cream for Skin Care

There are hundreds of face creams on the market, each of them being specially designed for the needs of each skin type and for various purposes as well, such as to improve the look of wrinkles or to provide sun protection, while others are just designed to moisturize. Before you invest in an expensive product, read on the following tips to help you find the best product for your face skin.

– Choosing the best product for your face depends on knowing your skin type and the individual needs of your skin. If you have sensitive skin, most face cream brands offer hypoallergenic formulas that are specially designed for sensitive skin. If you have breakouts or acne-prone skin, you will want to purchase a face cream that is advertised as non-comedogenic, which means that its ingredients will not clog pores. If you have aging skin, there are many different types of anti-aging and anti-wrinkle creams on the market. A firming cream or a tinted face cream might be a good option as well.

– You may also choose a face cream for nighttime. Nighttime face creams are generally thicker and heavier than day creams, because they are designed to provide deep moisture overnight. These will typically feel greasier than a day cream as well.

– When shopping for a face cream, make sure you look for natural products (they are safe and gentle on your skin) and that present no threat to you. Your face cream should contain plant based or vegetable oils and extracts, as they are the most readily absorbable by your skin. Because of the properties that make up these kinds of oils you get maximum penetration from them. This allows them to benefit even the innermost layers of your skin. A face cream might also contain anti-irritants and antioxidants. They will work in order to repair the damage that these free radicals have done over the years, and bring your skin back to health. Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA) are common ingredients in moisturizers for those prone to acne.

– Hazardous constituents that the best moisturizing face cream should not comprise, such as parabens (studies have shown that they’re carcinogenic), Mineral oil and fragrances (They cause allergic reactions).



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How to Choose the Body Lotion for Skin Care

Lotion is the most popular moisturizer because it’s easy to use. The basic function of the body lotion is to moisturize the skin. Read further for tips to choose right body lotion.

1. Consider your skin type. If your skin is dry, look for a body lotion that gives extra moisturizing. If you have oily skin, try light lotion and avoid buying mineral waxes, mineral oils and other pore clogging ingredients. An oil-free moisturizer should be used along with a good quality body lotion for this type. Choosing the best skin care body lotion for your skin type is the key to beautiful and healthy skin. It helps to prevent pre-mature wrinkles, acne and many other skin-related problems. For sensitive skin type, choose lotions that are labeled hypoallergenic. These lotions are free of dyes, preservatives, and fragrances. Test a new lotion in an inconspicuous spot first to be sure it does not cause redness or irritation. In addition, for mature skin, use products that have anti-ageing properties and ingredients for lessening wrinkles, age spots and fine lines.

2. Read the ingredient label. The finest moisturizers are usually the simplest one. Avoid products that contain ammonia derivatives, which are harsh on skin. And avoid some harmful ingredients like preservatives in the form of parabens. Look for a product that is white and clear without added FD&C dyes.

3. Test the product. Try a small amount of the body lotion on your hand. It should absorb quickly and not feel greasy. The moisturizer should feel good on your skin. Pick a scented lotion that is close to the perfume that you are using. If it is your first time to use that brand of body lotion, you may want to ask for samples first before buying them. If there are no samples being given out, buy a small bottle first.

4. Follow your budget. If you have one. Saving on a body lotion depends on your budget. Don’t think that the more expensive the moisturizer is, the better it is for your skin. The price of a moisturizer doesn’t relate to its effectiveness. The best body lotion is one that effectively moisturizes your skin, and doesn’t cause side effect. Pick the one that feels best, smells good, and delivers the best result for you.

If you follow the above tips, you are well on your way to better skin.

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Acne Skin Care

Acne may have started in your teen years, that time when age and hormones meet to cause those awful breakouts. It is a common problem that many teenagers face. However, many adults suffer from acne as well. Women typically develop acne during their menstrual cycle. Cause is hormones surge before or during menstrual cycles causing excess oil to clog pores. Acne may appear as deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) on the face, neck, chest, back and sometimes shoulders.

Cause of Acne

Hormones: When you become a teenager and go through puberty, your body makes more hormones (especially androgen hormones) that can cause too much oil or sebum to be made. Sebum is supposed to carry dead skin cells up to the surface of the skin, but when there is too much of it, it clogs the pores leading to whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and cysts.

Clogged pores: Acne is caused by clogged pores that contain a hair and sebaceous (oil) gland. The medical term, “acne vulgaris” is the most common kind of acne. It can show up anywhere on the body but it is usually found on the face, back, shoulders, and chest. Pores become clogged by dead skin cells and oil (sebum) made in the pore.

Extra oil or sebum: There are oil glands on your chest, face and back numbering in the thousands. In fact, between the nose and cheek areas there are as many as two thousand oil glands every square inch. The function of these oil glands is to lubricate the skin by producing oil, or sebum. As the process advances, greater amounts of oil may be produced within the sebaceous glands, though the change in composition and quality of the oil may be more important than the quantity. The scale produced on the inside walls of the hair follicle becomes stickier, and it builds up and blocks the pore. This shows up as whiteheads and blackheads (comedones).

Bacteria: The acne bacteria as known “Propionobacterium acnes” that grow and multiply in the retained oil. The sebum acts as a nutrition source for the bacteria, which in turn releases chemicals within the pore. These alert and attract white cells from the blood, and that’s what leads to inflammation. On the skin, the inflammation is seen as pimples or zits.

Acne Prevention and Treatment

To reduce acne and its damage to your skin, there are several medications, therapies, techniques, and tips available to acne scar skin care.

Clean your skin twice a day (morning and before bed) with a cleanser specially formulated for acne. These products often contain salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, which help to clear acne sores. Clean your face gently, as trauma to the acne breakouts may worsen the acne or cause scarring. When washing your face, use your hands, as any terrycloth or other scrubbing material may cause acne sores to rupture. And after you exercise, Wash your face to remove oil.

Use oil-free moisturizers on the market that contain anti-bacterial agents for acne-prone skin. If you wear makeup, use an oil-free foundation. Heavy makeup or other cosmetic products that block pores may cause a flare-up of acne.

Wash your hands before touching your face skin. And try not to rest your chin, cheek, or forehead on your hand because your hands may have touched all of the things during the day. Breaking this habit may help to clear up most of your problem areas.

Remember when using over the counter acne medicine. Stop the acne medicine if you have any side effects.

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What is the Difference between UVA, UVB & UVC Rays?

Skincare is concerned with three categories of light rays ultra-violet (UV), visible and infra-red rays. The three types of UV radiation are classified according to their wavelength including UVA, UVB and UVC. They differ in their biological activity and the extent to which they can penetrate the skin. UVA and UVB rays are well known to cause damage to our skin. UV rays are more harmful in certain locations and at certain times of the year, most intense during the summer and nearer the equator.

Understanding of exactly what kinds of damage each causes to the skin, a can help you pick out the best sunscreen for you and give you insight into just what each ray is responsible for.

What is Ultraviolet Radiation?

Ultraviolet or UV radiation is part of the electromagnetic (light) spectrum that reaches the earth from the sun. It has wavelengths shorter than visible light, making it invisible to the naked eye. These wavelengths are classified as UVA, UVB, or UVC. With even shorter rays, most UVC is absorbed by the ozone layer and does not reach the earth. Both UVA and UVB, however, penetrate the atmosphere and play an important role in conditions such as premature skin aging. By damaging the skin’s cellular DNA, excessive UV radiation produces genetic mutations that can lead to skin cancer.

UVA Rays:

UVA wavelength is the longest of the three at 320–400 nanometers (nm). UVA rays account for up to 95% of the UV radiation reaching the Earth’s surface. They pass through the ozone layer and reach the earth. They are present with relatively equal intensity during all daylight hours throughout the year. UVA rays are so powerful that they also penetrate some clothing, clouds and even glass. Also UVA rays contribute to skin ageing and wrinkling because they are able to penetrate deepest into the skin, damaging the cells beneath.

UVA is the dominant tanning ray, and we now know that tanning. A tan results from injury to the skin’s DNA; the skin darkens in an imperfect attempt to prevent further DNA damage. UVA may serve to initiate the most dangerous form of skin cancer. These include melanoma. According to recent research, first exposure to tanning beds before the age of 30 increases risk of skin cancer by 75%.Recently, studies have identified that this form of radiation affects the body’s immune system and acts as an immunosuppressive agent. Research has also shown that exposure to UVA actually causes a large fall in the body’s immune cells which in turn make it easier for malignant cells to grow.

UVB Rays:

UVB wavelength is 290-320 nm. UVB rays are intensity varies by season, location, and time of day. They are strongest in northern hemisphere summer months or when parts of the earth orbit closest to the sun. UVB rays, the chief cause of skin reddening and sunburn, tends to damage the skin’s more superficial epidermal layers. They can also lead to the development of skin cancers. It plays a contributory role in tanning and photoaging.

Unlike UVA rays, these rays aren’t always the same strength year round – They’re more prevalent in the summer months, however they are able to reflect off of water or snow, so it’s always important to protect yourself year-round. UVB rays are responsible for causing most skin cancers. While large doses of UVA rays can contribute to cancer, it’s the UVB rays that are commonly to blame.

UVC Rays:

UVC wavelength is 200-290 nm that have the shortest wavelength. They are the most dangerous among all the rays. However, these rays do not reach the earth’s surface as they are completely absorbed by the ozone layer.

UV rays present react with melanin. Melanin is an active defense against the sun, since melanin absorbs UV rays before they can hamper your skin. Melanin causes color of the skin. When melanin increases in response to sun exposure, the skin begins to tan.

As above, UV rays are part of how the energy from the sun reaches the earth (UVA, UVB). Risk factors associated with the development of skin cancer. Protect your skin by sunblocks or sunscreens which protect against UVA and UVB rays or “broad spectrum coverage” and you should avoid being in the sun between 10 am and 4 pm since that is the time when the sun is at peak.

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Do You Know About SPF & PA in Sunscreen?

What is SPF?

SPF is Sun Protection Factor. The number is determined experimentally indoors by exposing human subjects to a light spectrum meant to mimic noontime sun. Some subjects wear sunscreen and others do not. The amount of light that induces redness in sunscreen-protected skin, divided by the amount of light that induces redness in unprotected skin is the SPF.  The SPF number only relates to UVB protection. UVA protection is not measured through SPF numbers, and until recently, frequently was not available in sunscreens. UVB sunburn is caused by the culprit red skin drying and has been linked to skin cancer. UVA is associated with aging of the skin, and along with UVB exposure, may increase risk or facilitate skin cancer. UVA though milder, is still not safe.

The number you see associated with SPF represents the length of time you can stay out in the sun without burning, multiplied by the corresponding number. So a person, who would normally start to burn in 10 minutes, a UV sunscreen of SPF 15, would allow you to stay out in the sun 15 times longer. That means you could theoretically have 150 minutes of sun protection.

The protectiveness of clothing can also be measured by SPF. SPF’s of various types of clothing: Nylon stockings – SPF 2, Hats – SPF 3-6, Summer-weight clothing – SPF 6.5, Sun-protective clothing – up to SPF 30. (Source: http://dermatology.about.com)

What remains important to remember is that SPF strength is less important than frequent application, and avoidance of sun between 10 am and 4 pm, when UVB rays are strongest. SPF protection should always be combined with protective clothing and sun avoidance during the hottest and brightest parts of the day.


What is PA?

PA stands for protection grade of UVA (UVA light is caused by aging factors) system and is the Japanese measurement of sun protection, which is based on the Persistent Pigment Darkening (PPD) reaction reading at 2-4 hours of sun exposure.  PA is a protective level of strength to mark the three PA+, PA++ and PA+++.

PA+ provides some UVA protection with a factor of PPD 2-4. It protects sensitive skin against low to medium UV radiation.

PA++ provides moderate UVA protection with a factor of PPD 4-8. It offers better protection from UVA rays and can be used by people with normal skin exposed to medium UV radiation.

PA+++ provides good UVA protection with a factor of PPD > 8. It is the strongest grade of UVA protection now available. It is designed for normal skin under very strong or direct UV radiation.

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The Importance of Sunscreen for Skin Care

Sun exposure leads to wrinkles and uneven pigmentation by damaging the dermis of the skin and is also blamed for skin cancers.

Why Sunscreen is Important for skin?

Sunscreens play an important role in a total program to reduce the harmful effects of the sun, along with limiting sun exposure and wearing protective clothing. FDA regulates sunscreens as over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. Cosmetic products that are marketed with sun-protection claims are regulated as both drugs and cosmetics.

Gone are the days when we basked in the sun or at least without first applying sunscreen. In our youth we tried various ways to darken our skin and lighten our hair with the power of the sun. Skin cancer kills more than 10,000 people per year, according to an article published by the FDA. There are three main types of skin cancer.

Sunscreens will lower your risk of skin cancer and protect your skin from looking weathered and aged before its time.

Studies show that UV light causes DNA mutations to occur in the skin. These mutations lead to cancer. Exposure to the sun thickens the skin and a tan is a sign of sun-injury. Sunscreen can protect the skin from these harmful effects. It’s important to prevent sunburns in order to maintain healthy, youthful skin.

Sunscreens should be applied to dry skin 15 to 30 minutes before going outdoors. Don’t forget to protect the ears, neck and along the hairline as well as the lips. Sunscreens should be reapplied approximately every two hours or after swimming or perspiring heavily. The effectiveness of a sunscreen is reduced if it is not applied in adequate amounts or it is washed off, rubbed off, sweated off, or otherwise removed. For maximum effectiveness, apply a sunscreen liberally and reapply it frequently. If you’re a parent, protect your children’s skin because skin cancer does not have an age requirement; it affects people of all ages.

Finding products mixed with sunscreen have become increasingly available. For example, many beauty products, such as foundation and even hair spray, have included minimum amounts of SPF sunscreen to combat dangerous UV rays. There also are sunscreens made for specific purposes, such as sensitive skin and for use on babies.

Sunscreen can be in your foundation or moisturizer and it will help to prevent new wrinkles from developing and existing ones from getting deeper.

Beauty products (such as foundation) should also contain sunscreen throughout the year. UV rays can still peek through those cloudy winter days and damage the skin, even if there is no visible sunshine present. The face needs the most protection because the skin is thinner and prone to high levels of sun damage.

Ideally, sunscreens should be water-resistant, so they cannot be easily removed by sweating or swimming, and should have an SPF of 30 or higher that provides broad-spectrum coverage against both UVA and UVB light.

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